The term "First Responders" refers to teams and individuals responsible for managing the immediate and short-term effects of a CBRNe incident. This includes teams deployed in the CBRNe incident scene belonging to Police, Firefighters, Health services and Civil Protection, as well as medical staff of hospitals and crisis management institutions.
Main objective of First Responders is to minimize CBRNe incidente effects and consequences by carrying out a rapid deployment of all necessary CBRNe capabilities: Protection, Detection and Decontamination.
Saving and protecting lives is the ultimate goal of these First Responders, and CBRN Intervention Protocols should be developed for effective and efficient management of this HILP (High Impact, Low Probability) incidents.
In this sense, the "Guidelines for First Respondents to a CBRN Incident" published by the Civil Protection Group, NATO Civil Emergency Planning is one of the main references in the developed countries about the protocols and capacities with which Defense and Security Agencies and Institutions of the countries to deal with an incident with radiological, chemical (CWAs or TICs) and biological agents. Considering CBRN incident in its broadest sense: whether caused by a terrorist attack or by an accident.
This "Guidelines for First Respondents to a CBRN Incident" highlights four main phases in managing these incidents:
- Information Gathering, Assessment Dissemination
- Scene Management
- Saving and Protecting Life
- Additional/Specialist Support
CBRN protocols consider it necessary to have Decontamination Capabilities in the second, third and fourth phases.
In the second phase, for the decontamination of people and emergency materials.
In the third phase, for the decontamination of people and all their personal properties.
In the fourth phase, for the decontamination of First Responder Interverners (including their Protection equipment and vehicles), decontamination of the hospitals used to treat those affected, decontamination of the buildings and grounds of the scenario.
It takes just a few minutes to set up the shower tunnels that operate with 3 bar pressure and adjustable temperature connected to ATILA to quickly decontaminate personnel in contamination situations, minimizing exposure time. The RELIDE unit supplies sufficient water flow to install 8 showers or 4 showers + tunnels for personnel on stretchers.
DECONTAMINATION OF VEHICLES
The decontamination / detoxification phases include: pre-wash with hot pressurized water, application of RD 30 decontaminating product, wait and final rinsing.
The three phases are carried out with one single lance in order not to spread contamination.
It is recommended that the water temperature is at least 80 °C to accelerate chemical reactions that improve the effectiveness of the decontaminating/detoxifying product.
DECONTAMINATION OF MATERIALS
To decontaminate weapons, personal protection garments, helmets, etc. a 210ºC steam lance is used to detoxify and decontaminate all types of residues.
The RELIDE has a bar for decontaminating terrains up to 20,000 m2/h.