As indicated by Armed Spain Forces in its portal, last June (from June 26 to 30) was held at the premises of La Marañosa, Madrid, the ANFORA exercise.
With the participation of CBRN "Valencia" Defense Regiment No. 1 and the Department of CBRN Defense and Energy Materials of the Subdirectorate General of Terrestrial Systems of the National Institute of Aerospace Technology (INTA), the ANFORA exercise presented 3 scenarios of high technical difficulty and Operational capability to measure the capabilities of CBRN defense teams and units faced to hazards and threats of chemical (TICs or CWAs), biological and radiological agents.
As indicated in the Bulletin of Spain Armed Forces "..the activities included from the planning and execution of operations of initial recognition and transfer of scenarios between a reconnaissance team and the equipment specialized in Sampling and Identification of Biological, Chemical and Radiological Agents (SIBCRA ) ".
In a second phase "The Decontamination Support Unit was responsible for the decontamination at the exit of the scenarios, both the personnel, the material and the containers of the samples taken."
And finally "... the technical escort of the samples and the procedure of delivery of the same were carried out to the laboratory in charge of its later analysis, to guarantee the chain of custody".
In short, ANFORA was a complete exercise of implementation of the protocols of action before an attack or incident with chemical, biological and radiological agents by the Army of Spain, with the objective of measuring the capabilities of CBRN Defense teams.
The increasing risk of threats or incidents involving chemical, biological and radiological agents (ICTs or CWAs) necessitates the continued preparation and adaptation of CBRN First Response Units (both military and civil) to ensure efficient and effective response capacity Minimize the risks to the population of such attacks or incidents.
In this context, ensuring effective Decontamination capacity is crucial. In an attack or incident with chemical agents (TICs or CWAs), biological or radiological First Responders find a wide range of affected people, vehicles, materials, ground or sensitive materials.
Each requires a specific decontamination protocol, which allows effective and efficient decontamination that ensures both its own integrity and prevents cross contamination from the affected to other uncontaminated scenarios.
The implementation of exercises such as ANFORA is of vital importance to ensure that the capabilities of CBRN units and in particular operational decontamination capabilities are prepared to deal with any chemical (TICs or CWAs), biological and radiological threat or incident.